Britain’s Kelp forests are in danger
Biologists claim that Britain’s kelp forest which thrives underwater and is home to thousands of species of sea creatures is being destroyed by irresponsible activities of humans.
A recent study by a team of leading biologists has revealed that the 26,000 mile kelp forest existing now underwater could disappear by 2100 if the current rate of depletion continues.
The reasons stated are increase in temperature and the rising acidity levels in the sea water, which in turn point to the rising levels of CO2 in the atmosphere caused by burning too much fossil fuel.
The forests include floating leaves and seaweeds where thousands of species of sea creatures live. The presence of these creatures is essential to keep the balance under sea and also in the atmosphere to ensure the carbon dioxide and oxygen are in the optimal levels.
Juliet Brodie, the professor of botany at the Natural History Museum, who also leads the study said in a statement, “The combined effect of rising temperatures and acidity will completely alter marine and plant communities.”
“We predict that by 2100 warming will kill off the kelp forest in the south and ocean acidification will remove maerl beds in the north.”
The red algae, known as Maerl is food for several species of small fish and crustaceans. The rising acidity levels breakdown the calcium compounds on which the algae survive. This in turn depletes the forests which could cause several undesirable effects.
“Some of the most productive habitats on Earth, such as kelp forests and maerl beds, are likely to die out over wide regions of the northeastern Atlantic within a century”, added Juliet.
Professor John Hall-Spencer of Plymouth University has co-authored the study and he said that the increasing acidity can badly affect people who depend on the sea for their daily lives.