Zika Virus: Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention
What is Zika Virus ?
Zika Virus could be a mosquito-borne ill health that’s unfold by the Aedes species of mosquito, the mosquito conjointly liable for the transmission of infectious disease and chikungunya viruses.Unlike malaria-carrying mosquitos, this species is usually active throughout the day then barrier ways like dipteron nets area unit ineffective. These mosquitos will survive in each indoor and outside environments.
About Zika Virus.
The two known species liable for Zika transmission are the Aedes albopictus, called the Asian Tiger dipteron, and therefore the Aedes aegypti species.The Zika virus was initial known in monkeys in African country in 1947. the primary human case, however, was detected in African nation in 1954, and following that there are additional outbreaks in continent, South East Asia and therefore the Pacific Islands.While the symptoms of Zika usually pass at intervals the house of per week, there are recent issues concerning the virus area unit thanks to a possible link between Zika and birth defects like microcephalus.In light of a powerfully suspected causative relationship, the globe Health Organization (WHO) declared that the Zika virus eruption deep-rooted a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on one Feb 2016.
Zika Virus Survey Report
19 April 2016 update: The Centers for illness management and interference (CDC) has issued travel warnings for folks traveling to areas and bound countries wherever Zika virus transmission is current. These include: Central and South America: Central American country, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Central American nation, French geographical region, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Suriname, Venezuela Caribbean: Aruba, Barbados, Bonaire, Curacao, Dominica, country, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Puerto Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, Saint Lucia, island, island and therefore the Grenadines, Sint Maarten, Trinidad and island, U.S. Virgin Islands.
Oceania: Eastern Samoa, Fiji, Korea (Federated States of Micronesia), Marshall Islands, island, Samoa, Tonga, North America: United Mexican States, Africa: Republic of Cape Verde.
Local mosquito transmission of Zika viral infection (Zika) has been reportable in North American nation. Native mosquito transmission implies that mosquitoes within the space are infected with Zika virus and are spreading it to individuals. Because Zika virus is primarily unfold by mosquitoes, authority recommends that travelers to North American nation defend themselves from mosquito bites. The mosquitoes that unfold Zika typically don’t live at elevations on top of 6,500 feet (2,000 meters) as a result of environmental conditions. Travelers whose itineraries are restricted to areas on top of this elevation are at token risk of obtaining Zika from a dipterous insect. The subsequent map shows areas of North American nation on top of and below 6,500 feet.
Precautions to avoid Zinka Virus
There is no specific treatment or immunogenic anti-dote to stop Zika virus, therefore interference is essential. as a result of the suspected link between Zika virus and anencephaly in newborns of mothers affected with the virus, the Centers for illness management and interference (CDC) has issued special precautions for pregnant ladies and women making an attempt to become pregnant. The agency is advising these ladies to prorogue trip areas wherever Zika virus transmission is in progress. and ladies WHO do prefer to travel ought to ask their doctor initial and be alert once it involves protective themselves from mosquito bites.
The best thanks to stop diseases unfold by mosquitoes is to avoid being bitten altogether. Here are some recommendations on the way to do it:
- Keep in places with air con or that use window and door screens to stay mosquitoes outside.
- Take away sources of standing water, which may become a tract for mosquitoes.
- Keep in mind that mosquitoes that unfold Zika virus is also additional possible to bite throughout daytime hours.
- Apply insect repellents and reapply as directed. Talk over with your doctor concerning what sorts of repellents are safe to use in pregnancy.
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants and tuck your pants into your socks once outdoors.
- Wear palish consumer goods, since mosquitoes are thought to be additional interested in darker colors.
- Avoid the employment of scented skin care product.
- Sleep underneath a mosquito net.
Understanding interference now could be key, which means that taking the mandatory precautions to avoid being bitten.